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Gastro Deutsch

Gastro Deutsch "gastro-" Deutsch Übersetzung

med. gastro-intestinal {adj}. gastrointestinal. Magen und Darm betreffend. pharm. gastro-resistant {adj}. magensaftresistent.

Gastro Deutsch

Lernen Sie die Übersetzung für 'gastro' in LEOs Französisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten ✓ Aussprache. Magen und Darm betreffend. Übersetzung für 'gastro-' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch von LANGENSCHEIDT – mit Beispielen, Synonymen und Aussprache.

The rotavirus vaccine is recommended as a prevention for children. In , there were two billion cases of gastroenteritis, resulting in 1.

Gastroenteritis usually involves both diarrhea and vomiting. Children infected with rotavirus usually make a full recovery within three to eight days.

Viruses particularly rotavirus and the bacteria Escherichia coli and Campylobacter species are the primary causes of gastroenteritis. Rotavirus , norovirus , adenovirus , and astrovirus are known to cause viral gastroenteritis.

In the developed world Campylobacter jejuni is the primary cause of bacterial gastroenteritis, with half of these cases associated with exposure to poultry.

This infection is usually transmitted by contaminated water or food. Toxigenic Clostridium difficile is an important cause of diarrhea that occurs more often in the elderly.

A number of parasites can cause gastroenteritis. Transmission may occur from drinking contaminated water or when people share personal objects.

There are a number of non-infectious causes of inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. Crohn's disease is also a non-infectious source of often severe gastroenteritis.

Some food-related conditions associated with nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea include: ciguatera poisoning due to consumption of contaminated predatory fish, scombroid associated with the consumption of certain types of spoiled fish, tetrodotoxin poisoning from the consumption of puffer fish among others, and botulism typically due to improperly preserved food.

Of the twenty most common conditions seen in the emergency department, rates of noninfectious gastroenteritis had the largest decrease in visits in that time period.

Gastroenteritis is defined as vomiting or diarrhea due to inflammation of the small or large bowel , often due to infection.

Gastroenteritis is typically diagnosed clinically, based on a person's signs and symptoms. However, stool cultures should be performed in those with blood in the stool, those who might have been exposed to food poisoning , and those who have recently traveled to the developing world.

Other potential causes of signs and symptoms that mimic those seen in gastroenteritis that need to be ruled out include appendicitis , volvulus , inflammatory bowel disease , urinary tract infections , and diabetes mellitus.

A supply of easily accessible uncontaminated water and good sanitation practices are important for reducing rates of infection and clinically significant gastroenteritis.

Due to both its effectiveness and safety, in the World Health Organization recommended that the rotavirus vaccine be offered to all children globally.

Gastroenteritis is usually an acute and self-limiting disease that does not require medication.

The primary treatment of gastroenteritis in both children and adults is rehydration. This is preferably achieved by drinking rehydration solution, although intravenous delivery may be required if there is a decreased level of consciousness or if dehydration is severe.

It is recommended that breast-fed infants continue to be nursed in the usual fashion, and that formula-fed infants continue their formula immediately after rehydration with ORT.

Some probiotics have been shown to be beneficial in reducing both the duration of illness and the frequency of stools.

Antiemetic medications may be helpful for treating vomiting in children. Ondansetron has some utility, with a single dose being associated with less need for intravenous fluids, fewer hospitalizations, and decreased vomiting.

Antibiotics are not usually used for gastroenteritis, although they are sometimes recommended if symptoms are particularly severe [69] or if a susceptible bacterial cause is isolated or suspected.

Antimotility medication has a theoretical risk of causing complications, and although clinical experience has shown this to be unlikely, [42] these drugs are discouraged in people with bloody diarrhea or diarrhea that is complicated by fever.

Bismuth subsalicylate , an insoluble complex of trivalent bismuth and salicylate, can be used in mild to moderate cases, [42] but salicylate toxicity is theoretically possible.

It is estimated that there were two billion cases of gastroenteritis that resulted in 1. In , gastroenteritis from all causes caused 4.

The first usage of "gastroenteritis" was in Gastroenteritis is associated with many colloquial names, including " Montezuma's revenge ", "Delhi belly", "la turista", and "back door sprint", among others.

Gastroenteritis is the main reason for 3. There are a number of vaccines against gastroenteritis in development. For example, vaccines against Shigella and enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli ETEC are two of the leading bacterial causes of gastroenteritis worldwide.

Many of the same agents cause gastroenteritis in cats and dogs as in humans. The most common organisms are Campylobacter , Clostridium difficile , Clostridium perfringens , and Salmonella.

Some agents are more specific to a certain species. Transmissible gastroenteritis coronavirus TGEV occurs in pigs resulting in vomiting, diarrhea, and dehydration.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Inflammation of the stomach and small intestine. Pediatric Emergency Medicine Practice.

Infection and Drug Resistance. Elsevier Health Sciences. Archived from the original on Helms, Richard Philadelphia [u.

In a Page: Emergency medicine. Clinical infectious disease Second ed. The Lancet Infectious Diseases. Australian Family Physician.

Clinical Microbiology and Infection. Wallingford, Oxfordshire: Cabi. Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett's principles and practice of infectious diseases 7th ed.

Canadian Medical Association Journal. Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine. Archived from the original on 27 April Retrieved 3 May National Institute of Clinical Excellence.

April The BMJ. Current Opinion in Gastroenterology. The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal.

The Journal of Infectious Diseases. Nutrition Reviews. Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases. Hospital Practice.

Digestive Diseases and Sciences. Archived from the original on 3 January Retrieved 9 January The American Journal of Gastroenterology.

Infectious Disorders Drug Targets. Pediatric Clinics of North America. Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America. Clinical Infectious Diseases.

The Journal of Pediatrics. The Oxford Textbook of Medicine 4th ed. Oxford University Press. Center for Disease Control and Prevention. February GERD in children may cause repeated vomiting , effortless spitting up, coughing , and other respiratory problems, such as wheezing.

Inconsolable crying, refusing food, crying for food and then pulling off the bottle or breast only to cry for it again, failure to gain adequate weight, bad breath, and burping are also common.

Children may have one symptom or many; no single symptom is universal in all children with GERD. However, a small number will not, particularly when a family history of GERD is present.

Acid reflux into the mouth can cause breakdown of the enamel, especially on the inside surface of the teeth. A dry mouth, acid or burning sensation in the mouth, bad breath and redness of the palate may occur.

Signs of enamel erosion are the appearance of a smooth, silky-glazed, sometimes dull, enamel surfaces with the absence of perikymata , together with intact enamel along the gum margin.

GERD may lead to Barrett's esophagus , a type of intestinal metaplasia , [13] which is in turn a precursor condition for esophageal cancer.

Acid reflux is due to poor closure of the lower esophageal sphincter , which is at the junction between the stomach and the esophagus. A double-blind study, reported in , found no clinically significant difference between these two types of patients with regard to the subjective or objective measures of disease severity.

The diagnosis of GERD is usually made when typical symptoms are present. Other investigations may include esophagogastroduodenoscopy EGD. Barium swallow X-rays should not be used for diagnosis.

It is the most objective test to diagnose the reflux disease and allows monitoring GERD patients in their response to medical or surgical treatment.

One practice for diagnosis of GERD is a short-term treatment with proton-pump inhibitors, with improvement in symptoms suggesting a positive diagnosis.

Short-term treatment with proton-pump inhibitors may help predict abnormal hr pH monitoring results among patients with symptoms suggestive of GERD.

Endoscopy , the looking down into the stomach with a fibre-optic scope, is not routinely needed if the case is typical and responds to treatment.

Severity may be documented with the Johnson-DeMeester's scoring system: [38] 0 - None 1 - Minimal - occasional episodes 2 - Moderate - medical therapy visits 3 - Severe - interfere with daily activities.

Other causes of chest pain such as heart disease should be ruled out before making the diagnosis. The treatments for GERD may include food choices, lifestyle changes, medications, and possibly surgery.

Initial treatment is frequently with a proton-pump inhibitor such as omeprazole. Certain foods may promote GERD, but most dietary interventions have little effect.

Weight loss may be effective in reducing the severity and frequency of symptoms. Abstinence from smoking or alcohol does not appear to significantly relieve symptoms.

The primary medications used for GERD are proton-pump inhibitors, H 2 receptor blockers and antacids with or without alginic acid.

Proton-pump inhibitors PPIs , such as omeprazole , are the most effective, followed by H 2 receptor blockers, such as ranitidine. Sucralfate has a similar effectiveness to H 2 receptor blockers; however, sucralfate needs to be taken multiple times a day, thus limiting its use.

In this procedure, the upper part of the stomach is wrapped around the lower esophageal sphincter to strengthen the sphincter and prevent acid reflux and to repair a hiatal hernia.

Esophagogastric dissociation is an alternative procedure that is sometimes used to treat neurologically impaired children with GERD. In the U.

Food and Drug Administration FDA approved a device called the LINX, which consists of a series of metal beads with magnetic cores that are placed surgically around the lower esophageal sphincter, for those with severe symptoms that do not respond to other treatments.

Improvement of GERD symptoms is similar to those of the Nissen fundoplication, although there is no data regarding long-term effects. Compared to Nissen fundoplication procedures, the procedure has shown a reduction in complications such as gas bloat syndrome that commonly occur.

Contraindications that would advise against use of the device are patients who are or may be allergic to titanium , stainless steel , nickel , or ferrous iron materials.

A warning advises that the device should not be used by patients who could be exposed to, or undergo, magnetic resonance imaging MRI because of serious injury to the patient and damage to the device.

In those with symptoms that do not improve with PPIs surgery known as transoral incisionless fundoplication may help.

In pregnancy, dietary modifications and lifestyle changes may be attempted, but often have little effect.

Calcium-based antacids are recommended if these changes are not effective. Aluminum- and magnesium hydroxide -based antacids are also safe, as is ranitidine [63] and PPIs.

Babies may see relief with smaller, more frequent feedings, more frequent burping during feedings, holding baby in upright position 30 minutes after feedings, keep baby's head elevated while laying on the back, remove milk and soy from mothers diet or feed milk protein free formula.

The prevalence rate of GERD in developed nations is also tightly linked with age, with adults aged 60 to 70 being the most commonly affected. An obsolete treatment is vagotomy "highly selective vagotomy" , the surgical removal of vagus nerve branches that innervate the stomach lining.

This treatment has been largely replaced by medication. Vagotomy by itself tended to worsen contraction of the pyloric sphincter of the stomach, and delayed stomach emptying.

Historically, vagotomy was combined with pyloroplasty or gastroenterostomy to counter this problem. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

For other uses, see Gerd. Main article: Barrett's esophagus. Main article: Drugs for acid-related disorders. Elsevier Health Sciences.

Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease GORD is defined as 'gastrooesophageal reflux' associated with complications including oesophagitis Archived from the original on 8 December Archived from the original on 22 February Retrieved 21 February In a Page: Medicine.

Archived from the original on 8 September Trends in Pharmacological Sciences. March—April Osteopathic Family Physician.

The New England Journal of Medicine. January December Archived from the original on 8 October International Journal of Dentistry. Italian Journal of Pediatrics.

Clinical Oral Investigations. Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry. Retrieved on 1 February June

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